Landscape architects and landscape designers utilize five identifiable design styles. Those defined landscape styles are radial, angular, arc & tangent, curvilinear, and rectilinear.
They all have function, depending on the site, the architecture of the home and the objective(s) of the landscape design.
Radial design is rarely seen in large scale at a residence. It is usually reserved for components of the landscape. Circular patios, fire pits and circular medallions in brick patios are some routine examples of how radial design is applied.
Angular design is frequently applied as social space and more specifically with brick patios. Simply taking a square and turning it forty-five degrees places it on an angle with the home. Angling one social space and placing another parallel to the home creates separation of space and establishes strong contrast between the spaces.
Arc and tangent can be described as interrupting an arc with a straight line or interrupting a straight line with an arc. Whatever the perspective, arc and tangent juxtaposes, artistically speaking, a feminine line with a masculine line. A round turret on a square home is a good example. Those same contrasts can be applied to brick patios and occasionally to landscape beds.
Curvilinear landscape design can be applied to long flowing landscape beds or large, serpentine patio lines. Curvilinear design is more effective when there is space to develop longer lines. Shorter, lazy lines disrupt don’t have time to carry the eye.
Rectilinear design is normally considered a more formal design application. Rectilinear design is defined with squares and rectangles, frequently applied to patios. Highly stylized, straight lines of hedges are also good examples of rectilinear landscape design.
Regardless of which design style the landscape designer or landscape architect is utilizing it should relate back to the home, the space at hand and the stated objectives of the project.